New Spain (Mexico), 1790 Statistics Charts
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Statistics Charts for 1790 New Spain

Last Update: 15 Jan 1997

bulletPopulation Statistics
bulletArea Statistics
bulletReligious Statistics

These statistics are the result of census taken in 1790 by order of Viceroy Revilla the younger.
Source: History of Mexico: The Works of Bancroft Vol II (1600-1803) Hubert Howe Bancroft

Population Statistics

INTENDENCIAS

Spaniards

Indians

Mixed
Castes

Total
Population

Inhabitants
per Sq.
League

Mexico

269416

1052262

265883

1591844

269

Guadalajara

164420

172676

179720

517674

54

Puebla

82609

602871

124313

811285

301

Vera Cruz

19379

137774

28432

185935

45

Merida

78375

384185

65541

528700

88

Oaxaca

37694

526466

31444

596326

134

Guanajuato

149183

254014

172931

576600

633

Valladolid

108970

168027

117134

394689

114

San Luis Potosi

22609

88949

62007

173651

74

Zacatecas

22296

40872

77555

140723

60

Tlaxcala government

11683

62173

11884

85845

 
PROVINCIAS INTERNAS
DE ORIENTE
         
Nuevo Leon

27412

2431

13838

43739

17

Nuevo Santander

14639

13251

28825

56715

11

Coahuila

13285

12411

17215

42937

6

Texas

1326

912

1083

3334

 
PROVINCIAS INTERNAS
DE OCCIDENTE
         
Durango

35992

63890

77302

177400

10

Arizpe

38640

60855

35766

135385

7

Nuevo Mexico  

10557

23628

34205

6

CALIFORNIAS          
Old or Baja  

2325

2153

4496

 
New or Alta  

18780

2052

20871

10

           
TOTAL

1097928

3676281

1338706

6122354

52

 

Area Statistics

INTENDENCIAS Districts Area in
Sq. Leagues
Cities Towns Villages Mining
Camps
Haciendas Ranchos Stock
Ranges
Mexico 43 5927 6 15 1228 31 824 871 57
Guadalajara 28 9612 2 7 326 33 370 1511 118
Puebla 21 2696 5 1 764   478 911 14
Vera Cruz 11 4141 2 5 147   60 157  
Merida 16 5977 2 2 276   563 312 756
Oaxaca 22 4447 1 5 928 10 83 269 5
Guanajuato 10 911 3 4 62 10 445 416 29
Valladolid 21 3446 2 3 309 18 311 708 115
San Luis Potosi 10 2357 1 2 49 15 124 431 18
Zacatecas 6 2355 1 2 28 19 108 438 16
Tlaxcala government 1   1   110   139 68  
PROVINCIAS INTERNAS
DE ORIENTE
                 
Nuevo Leon 1 2621 2 4 16 4 23    
Nuevo Santander 1 5193 .. 18 11        
Coahuila 1 6702   7 7   32 44 22
Texas 1 10948   1 2     8 2
PROVINCIAS INTERNAS
DE OCCIDENTE
                 
Durango 34 16873 1 8 168 26 155 184 32
Arizpe 12 19143 1 7 138 40 34 356 11
Nuevo Mexico 1 5709   3 109        
CALIFORNIAS                  
Old or Baja 1 7295     2        
New or Alta 1 2125   1 2        
                   
TOTAL   118478 30 95 4682 206 3749 6684 1195

 

Religious Statistics

INTENDENCIAS Curacies Missions Monastaries Nunnaries Clergy Friars Nuns
Mexico 248 1 62 25 1300 1357 1026
Guadalajara 100 9 29 7 441 192 225
Puebla 151   21 12 619 446 427
Vera Cruz 57 3 12   200 150  
Merida 85   24 1 368 181 50
Oaxaca 145   11 5 380 173 169
Guanajuato 27   18 3 225 175 72
Valladolid 76   14 3 282 147 129
San Luis Potosi 23 19 5   23 63  
Zacatecas 17            
Tlaxcala government 22   3   83 22  
PROVINCIAS INTERNAS
DE ORIENTE
             
Nuevo Leon 13 1 3   45 13  
Nuevo Santander 26 8          
Coahuila 10 4 1   15 11  
Texas 2 4       13  
PROVINCIAS INTERNAS
DE OCCIDENTE
             
Durango 40 27 5   153 63  
Arizpe 30 24     95 29  
Nuevo Mexico   28       20  
CALIFORNIAS              
Old or Baja   18       18  
New or Alta   19       39  
               
TOTAL 1072 165 208 56 4229 3112 2098

Last Updated: August 30, 2002


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